Posts Tagged ‘Technology’
Regional Policies Empresa Colombiana de Petroleos-Ecopetrol met with reporters in the capital of Santander to raise awareness of the evolution of the Petroleum Industry, viewed from multiple profiles. These include the research being conducted through the ICP, oil exploration and production and investment plan to modernize the Barrancabermeja refinery.
Company executives who brought the word in the press conference are: engineers, Nestor Fernando Saavedra, director of the Institute of Petroleum, based in Piedecuesta, Orlando Sanchez, production manager of the Middle Magdalena Diaz and Orlando Montoya, manager of refinery in Barrancabermeja. They were advised on disclosure by the Communities and Leyla Neighbor Erminda Tovar.
Chatting with reporters opened the director of the Colombian Petroleum Institute, Engineer Nestor Fernando Saavedra, who was among others the following details:
Innovative contribution amounts to $ 445 million dollars
The technological developments of the Colombian Petroleum Institute has exceeded six times the investment budget and expenses awarded by Ecopetrol. Ecopetrol is the company with more patents in Colombia and that has used this mechanism for intellectual property protection.
A $ 445 million amount the economic benefits certified businesses Ecopetrol for the innovative contribution in 24 research projects, of which $ 89 million was recognized as technological support to the Colombian Petroleum Institute, a research center and development of Ecopetrol . This means that in the last five years has been exceeded by more than six times the investment budget and expenditures implemented by the Institute, which has averaged $ 65 million per year.
The industry of information technology and telecommunications will close 2011 with a growth of 14% and 10% respectively, while advanced electronics 11%, these rates of increase expected for these sectors in 2012.
Santiago Gutierrez, president of the Chamber of the Electronics, Telecommunications and Information Technology (Canieti), said the expected performance for 2012 was given only if it improves the global economic scenario, especially for Europe to concrete measures to tackle their problems financial.
“The next will be a tough year because the global economic environment is uncertain and the political environment to live in the country by the change of government. The challenge is great, but favorable conditions are expected to achieve the same growth rate in the three sectors. “
Rogelio Garza, general manager Canieti said that “part of this confidence in the progress of the ICT industry in 2012 is based on this sector has achieved a position on the agendas of presidential candidates as a fundamental part of development the country. “
To elaborate on the performance in 2011 of the three sectors represented by this House, Gutierrez said that the value of production of these goods and services amounted to 100 billion dollars, equivalent to 9% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP ) in the country.
Investments against regulations
With respect to investments carried out in the telecommunications industry in 2011, Gutierrez reported that the amount disbursed amounted to 60 billion pesos.
So far in this administration, from 2006 to 2011, have had investments in the sector by 290 billion pesos.
Canieti President said that progress in the telecommunications sector should be driven not only good public policy, but also with appropriate regulatory policies, for example, that the bids of the spectrum have a balanced approach to tax collection, and the development priority more services and coverage. “We need growth generated by markets not covered, it requires greater coverage of broadband.”
The European Personnel Selection opposition has called in the fields of archival science, information technology and communication, and cooperation and management of aid to third countries. Applicants must submit their application before noon on October 18.
In all cases it requires a perfect mastery of the languages ??of the European Union and a satisfactory knowledge of English, French or German.
As stakeholders in the opposition access to the archives, they will need a level of education which corresponds to completed university studies of at least three years’ duration, attested by a diploma. Such certification shall:
- Or include at least one course a year of archival or records management
- Or be accompanied (preceded or followed by) a diploma in archival or records management.
They must also demonstrate professional experience of at least three years in the field of archives and / or document management. This experience is only valid if purchased after obtaining the diploma required for this opposition.
The opposition on information technology and communication can participate if you meet one of three requirements:
- Educational level which corresponds to completed university studies of at least four years’ duration
attested by a diploma in information and communication technologies.
- Educational level which corresponds to completed university studies of at least three years attested by a degree in information and communication technologies, followed by professional experience of at least
one year related to the nature of the functions. The professional experience of at least one year shall form part of the qualification and not be taken into consideration for calculating the years of professional experience required below.
- Educational level which corresponds to completed university studies of at least four years’ duration
attested by a diploma and a postgraduate diploma in information and communication technologies.
There are also within this opposition, three areas: infrastructure and ICT services, infrastructure and telecommunications and information systems, for which specific training is required.
For the opposition, “Cooperation and management assistance to third countries”, by signing the application form the candidate agrees to accept the obligation to serve on a delegation of the European Union (mainly in developing countries) when you place their eventual recruitment.
The conditions, you can choose in one of these two cases:
- Educational level which corresponds to completed university studies of at least four years attested by
a title, in one or more of the following areas: engineering, rural development, agriculture, fisheries, forestry, medium
environment, natural resources, climate change, energy, education, health, economics, law, social sciences, business administration, development.
- Educational level which corresponds to completed university studies of at least three years attested by a diploma in one or more of the following areas: engineering, rural development, agriculture, fisheries, forestry, environment, natural resources, climate change, energy, education, health, economics, law, social sciences, business administration or development, followed by professional experience of at least one year related to the nature of the functions.
In both cases, professional experience is required at least six years in development cooperation in one or more of the following areas: macroeconomics, public finance management, public sector reform, private sector, trade, regional integration, environment and natural resources , climate change, energy, infrastructure, transportation, water, rural development, food security, disaster risk reduction, agriculture, forestry, fisheries, governance, human rights, elections, parliament, judiciary, health, education, social cohesion, gender , children, indigenous peoples, decentralization and local government.
On the eve of the Intel Developer Forum to be held between 13 and 15 September, Intel Corporation shows the role played by various types of computing in the field of disaster management. In a panel discussion moderated by Keri Carkeek, eco-technology strategist at Intel, will discuss the phases of disaster management. Together with experts from the Carkeek be real, with experience on the subject, including:
· Perry Olson, IT risk management and security, Intel
· Michael Bowers, senior director of global emerging strategic response, Mercy Corps *
· Frank Schott, global program manager, * NetHope
· Bob Marshall, president and CEO of Earth Networks *
Carkeek begin the day with an introduction to disaster management, common terminology associated with it and its different phases: mitigation, preparedness and response. It will also provide an overview of how this field will benefit from many innovations in computing. Carkeek and experts invited speakers will cover these issues, before the opening of the Exhibition of Technology, which include more than a dozen pieces related to the area of ??disaster management, from the alert and response to evacuation and traffic management.
The following descriptions are a guide to explore the research projects to be displayed.
Sixty percent of companies that lose their data make mistakes in the 6 months following a desastre1. The research presented focuses on “business continuity” and how to increase resilience to disasters through preventive planning.
Simulation of extreme events of disaster preparedness
Virtual environments are often used for games, but Intel researchers have developed a new software architecture that, when combined with a model of cloud computing, allows applications to scale user experiences beyond existing boundaries. “Distributed Scene Graph” (“Distributed Scene Graph”) is a rich 3-D display based on the cloud, which allows thousands of people participating in a simulated disaster scenario.
The virtual experience helps communities understand what is likely to happen on a large scale using real immersive gaming. Although the game simulates only a fraction of the problems that occur during a disaster (for example, limited communication and transportation problems) the framework can be expanded to add many different simulation engines.
The use of large-scale games online participation extends across the network at a fraction of the cost of existing training exercises. The natural reactions of the participants within the safe confines of the simulated environment can be observed and studied by experts who can create a better decision-making and training tools in the community.
The IT market is at a turning point from the strategic point of view. End of 2010 the average customer had virtualized more than 40% of their server workloads. At this time customers are on course to virtualize, consistently, an additional 10% of its servers every year. It is expected that by the end of 2011 the average customer will have virtualized 50% of its servers and will have migrated to their current traditional computing environments cloud.
The new server deployments are experiencing a much more profound and in 2010 the number of virtual servers was already implemented more than physical servers. This trend has continued in 2011 and will continue to accelerate in the future.
The combination of these two trends mark the end of the physical IT was
The first step in this evolution of IT was launched in 2001 with the release of ESX Server 1, the first x86 hypervisor that runs directly on hardware without an operating system. Since then, VMware and Partner Network, comprised of more than 25,000 technology partners, solution providers, distributors, service providers, system integrators and hardware global manufacturers – have helped shape an industry focused on virtualization and cloud computing, providing integrated technology solutions, as well as the sale of programs and services that provide customers with collaborative resources, experience, and knowledge needed in the computer field to solve the wide range of IT challenges.
In recent years the myth that virtualization was something reserved only for large companies has been rejected by the launch of products designed specifically for small businesses and medium (what is known as SMEs). According to a study by Gartner in October 2010 on the mid-market companies, these SMEs are adopting virtualization at a very dynamic and it is anticipated that by 2012, over 75 percent of them will have implemented virtualisation almost all servers, disaster recovery being the most important area of ??IT investments for SMEs in the next two years.
The market has largely recognized that virtualization and cloud computing are inextricably linked. Increasingly, customers are looking for resources to shift more of their existing applications and data to a modern model of IT-based virtualization, and that in turn help to increase their value to redefine how they are managed, delivered and protected. Customers have already begun to implement a dynamic cloud computing within their environments.
Virtualization is an essential piece of cloud computing actually is the technical basis for it. The knowledge and the unique experience of VMware in this area – 85 percent of all virtualized workloads run on VMware – allows customers to evolve from the physical data center virtualization and cloud computing, complete with the advantage that can continue to leverage their infrastructure, their knowledge and current investments. Cloud computing allows customers to increase the value they get to evolve their current IT environments from physical to virtual, while they can achieve new forms of management and security, and new relationships between IT and line of business.
Technological innovation is not an isolated event, is produced by accumulation and depends on the specific conditions of each society. We will mention two technological revolutions, which paved the way, the First Industrial Revolution, which was the epitome innovative steam engine and the Second Industrial Revolution, with the advent of electricity.
Both permeated the social and economic networks and formed the basis for an information technology revolution, characterized by an expansion of the human mind.
We can make a historical sequence of the revolution in information technology: from technological advances in the field of electronics that occurred in World War II and later, shows the first programmable computer and the transistor. Both the transistor and the computer programs give rise to microelectronics, which is the core of the revolution in information technology of the twentieth century (although 70 did not spread these new technologies.)
It is also important to note the parallel development of genetic engineering and telecommunications. The sum of electronic technologies, previously discussed (microelectronics, computers and telecommunications), within the field of interactive communication lead to the creation of the Internet, which so far is considered the most revolutionary technological medium of the age information.
This technological revolution as a main feature we highlight the application of knowledge in a cumulative feedback loop, where man can become a user and operator time. This indicates the creation of a narrow thread between the social processes of creation and manipulation of symbols, which is the culture that is generated in a society, and the ability to produce and distribute goods and services, which would be the productive forces.
At this point, the human mind will become a direct productive force, not an element of the production system. The social role of men is reformulated, is no longer just an element of the production chain, it’s going to be able to produce by itself, this gives a full turn to the social life takes place.
Another feature of this revolution is the speed with which it spread throughout the world that only two decades (from mid 70s-mid-90s), creating, forming a global bond that creates social inequality due to the uneven use of the benefits of it.
2. What is Information Society?
Is that society in which the technologies that facilitate the creation, distribution and manipulation of information play an important role in social, cultural and economic?
We can also see it as that ideology based on the mental frameworks of progress, growth and modernity, developed from the eighteenth century, based on various trends and changes in both scientific and technological driven largely by innovation in military and industrial capitalist.
3. What distinguishes the knowledge society of the above?
As we have seen the information society refers to the increasing technological capacity to store more and more information and to circulate it more and more quickly and more capable media. However, the knowledge society refers to something else, critical appropriation, and therefore selective, this information led by citizens who know what they want and what they need to know in each case, and therefore know what they can and must do without .
4. What are the characteristics of modern society with regard to technology?
The technologies are part of the technological culture of today’s society and culture around us with which we live. Expand our physical and mental abilities. And the possibilities of social development. We understand technologies, information technologies and communication, including, therefore, not only computers and associated technologies, telemetric and multimedia, but also the media of all kinds: social media (“Media”) media and traditional interpersonal technological support such as telephone, fax … All of this star in our technological culture and star aforementioned our day to day. They are a way of life that defines today’s society.
Thanks to them we have a society with rapid obsolescence of knowledge and the emergence of new values, leading to a society with continuous changes in our economic structures, social and cultural rights, and affecting almost every aspect of our lives: access the labor market, health, bureaucratic management, economic management, industrial design and art, entertainment, communication, information, how to perceive reality and thinking, organizing companies and institutions, its methods and activities, as interpersonal communication, quality of life, education …
His great impact on all aspects of our lives makes that we have a society in which it is increasingly difficult for us to act efficiently without them.
5. What are the technologies of information and communication?
The information technology and communication, also known as ICT, ICT or ICT for New Information Technologies and Communication and IT for “Information Technology”, grouped elements and techniques used in the processing and transmission of information, mainly computer, Internet and telecommunications.
6. How do these technologies in our society?
They are no panacea or magic formula, but improve the lives of many of the inhabitants of the planet. Tools are available to reach the Millennium Development Goals, instruments that will advance the cause of freedom and democracy, and the means to spread knowledge and to facilitate mutual understanding “(Kofi Annan, Secretary General Organization of the United Nations, speech inaugurating the first phase of WSIS, Geneva 2003).
Use among city dwellers, helps lower at any given time the digital gap, increasing the cluster of users who use ICT technology as a means to develop their activities and thus reduces the set of people who do not use. However, current mixed use leads to increased social inequality.
7. What is digital divide?
Find multiple definitions include the concept. Here we will mention that the digital divide is the gap that exists between people (communities, states, countries …) that use Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) as a routine part of daily life and those who do not have access to them and that while they do not know how to use them.
Such inequalities can cover all the new technologies of information and communication technologies (ICTs) such as personal computers, mobile telephony, broadband and other devices.
The development of the capacity to use information technologies (ICTs) is explicitly referred to as one of the fundamental objectives of the curriculum framework Transverse. This requires that the domain and use of these technologies in an integrated manner to promote work within the areas of learning. To this should ensure that the work of students, including the use of ICT to:
- Search, access and collect information on websites or other sources, and selecting this information critically examining their relevance and quality.
- Process and organize data using spreadsheet templates, and manipulating systematized in them to identify trends, regularities and patterns related to the phenomena studied in the sector.
- Develop and present information through the use of word processing, presentation templates (PowerPoint), as well as tools and applications of image, audio and video.
- Exchange information through the Internet offering tools such as email, chat, interactive spaces on websites, or virtual communities.
- Respect and take ethical considerations in the use of ICT, such as personal care and respect for others to use these tools, noted the sources from which information is obtained, and respect the rules of safety and use of space virtual.
Using the technology may involve more use for various purposes, without a clear purpose of supporting a learning content. By contrast, the curricular integration of information technology involves the use of these technologies to achieve a purpose in learning a concept, process, content, specific curriculum in a discipline.
This is to assess the educational possibilities of ICT in relation to educational aims and objectives. By integrating ICT curriculum we emphasize learning and how ICT can support that, without losing sight of the center is to learn and not ICT.
Curricular integration of ICT involves:
- Use technology transparently.
- Use technology to plan strategies to facilitate the construction of learning.
- Use technology in the classroom.
- Using technology to support the classes.
- Use technology as part of the curriculum.
- Using technology to learn content of a discipline.
That is why I decided to use this support manual handling of ICT, to enter into the digital era facilitator of knowledge in which we live.
The Information Technology and communication have allowed leading the global world of communication, facilitating the interconnection between people and institutions worldwide, and removing spatial and temporal barriers.
Are called Information Technology and Communication to the set of technologies that allow the acquisition, production, storage, processing, and communication, recording and presenting information in the form of voice, images and data contained in acoustic nature signals, optical or electromagnetic. ICTs include electronic and technology base that supports the development of telecommunications, computer and audiovisual.
* Heritage (Possibility of scanning). ICTs make information traditionally subject to a physical environment, heritage. By digitizing is possible to store large amounts of information, small physical devices (disks, CDs, USB sticks, etc.). In turn, users can access information located on remote electronic devices that is transmitted using communication networks, in a transparent and immaterial.
This feature has come to define what has been termed “virtual reality”, that is not really real. Through the use of ICTs are creating groups of people interacting in their own interests, forming virtual communities or groups.
* Instantaneity. We can transmit information instantly to places far away physically, through “information superhighway.”
Have coined terms such as cyberspace, to define the virtual space, not real, which puts the information, by not taking the physical characteristics of the object used for storage, acquiring that degree of immediacy and immateriality.
* Multimedia Applications. Multimedia applications or programs have been developed as a friendly interface and easy communication, to facilitate access to ICTs for all users. One of the most important characteristics of these environments is “interactivity.” Possibly the most significant feature. Unlike more traditional technologies (TV, radio) that allow one-way interaction, from a sender to a mass of passive spectators, the use of computers interconnected by digital communication networks, provides a bidirectional communication (synchronous and asynchronous) person-person and person-group. Is occurring, therefore, a shift to communication between people and groups that interact according to their interests, forming what is called “virtual communities.” The user of ICT is therefore an active subject, sending their own messages and, most importantly, makes decisions about the process to follow, sequence, pace, code, etc.
In 1992 we organized the First European Congress on Information Technology in Education: a critical view. The reason was to respond to the growing interest in the development of Information Technology (IT) and its possible use in improving the teaching and learning.
In 2002, the profound changes brought about by the pressure of certain political and economic visions and the widespread use of Information Technologies and Communication Technologies (ICT) in most areas of society led us to organize a second edition Congress. This meeting, like that of 1992, aimed to analyze dispassionately the elements of cultural, social and technological environment in which education takes place and which is built the theory and practice of education and citizenship.
Ten years later, twenty since the first Congress, the process of digitalization of society, linked to political views, economic and cultural predominantly liberal, has increased and phenomena such as the emergence of the so-called Web 2.0 and social networks have produced positioning a series of optimistic and pessimistic about the present and the future of education and society.
During these years, education at all levels and social conditions of most human beings have not improved to the level that has made digital technologies. School disaffection, which leads to the abandonment of formal studies of a number of students in secondary and university education, as well as the growing gap between the experiences, life and values of young people and adults are beginning to raise voices alert. Digital technologies are configured together as a solution to meet current educational needs as a problem that must be answered.
In this context and situation seems an appropriate moment to offer a space to reflect, together, consciously and critically about the processes that are generated around the educational use of ICT and what might be its role in the process of creating knowledge.
That’s why this time we want to make a summary of some of the predilections according to the newspaper Prensa Libre about what we will have during these months in technology.
1. 3D TV: although the country is betting that 3D TV will be cheaper and will not need glasses, I think another option on tv would be integrated with technology, as evidenced by Samsung, with its successful device, which has got thousands of downloads in a short time. So this integration could be a topic for this year too.
2. Tablets: I agree that this year will also see the tablets, with the presentation of iPad2 and the amount of tablets with Android, which is expected Honeycomb, more designed for such devices.
3. Apps: I also agree that this year will increase device applications. Something that can confirm is the disgust that has Google on sales of its applications in the Android Market, which announced a series of strategies to change this.
4. Pay with your cellphone: it could be another boom this year. Apple is already planning how to do it for their devices also announced other manufacturers such as Nokia and Android 2.3 will also integrate it seems.
5. + Mobility: Cisco reports that there will be more people working outside their jobs and productivity of mobile applications continue to grow.
6. Social networks: Facebook may be to overtake Google, we’ll see. The truth is that now with the announcement of phones manufactured by HTC facebook everything would indicate that the most important social network could continue to grow.
7. Video: they mention it is not leading the paper using P2P downloads, plus the increase in demand for streaming. We will have to watch what happens with Sinde Law in Spain, which seeks to control piracy and provide links to sites protected movies.
8. The cloud, we agree to continue to grow. Let’s see when we can have complete computer for downloads, streaming and install applications on Windows and Mac, – I think it is for Ubuntu, in the cloud and all you need is an Internet connection.
9. Shopping: are predicted to have more money as Facebook, Google, Apple could buy different companies and services. We’ll see if it’s true.